Resistant starch as a prebiotic and synbiotic: state of the art

Non-infectious diseases such as coronary heart disease and certain cancers have become major causes of death and disability in affluent countries. Probiotics (principally lactic acid bacteria; LAB) may assist in lowering the risk of these diseases.

Experimental studies with probiotics have given generally inconclusive outcomes for infectious disease and for biomarkers for non-infectious disease. In part this situation may reflect their inability to colonise the adult human gut effectively.

The microbiome-gut-brain axis: from bowel to behavior

The ability of gut microbiota to communicate with the brain and thus modulate behavior is emerging as an exciting concept in health and disease.

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