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Diabetic retinopathy screening for children with type 1 diabetes should start later

medicalnewstoday eye health - 8 hours 4 min ago
A new study has found that the occurrence of advanced forms of a diabetic eye disease remains low among children living with diabetes, regardless of how long they have had the disease or their...
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Gene therapy fully restores vision in mouse model of Leber congenital amaurosis

medicalnewstoday eye health - Tue, 09/01/2015 - 10:00am
Mice lacking the protein retGC1, which is deficient in humans suffering Leber congenital amaurosis-1 (LCA1), a disorder that causes severe visual impairment beginning in infancy, received gene...
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Circuit in the eye relies on built-in delay to see small moving objects

medicalnewstoday eye health - Tue, 09/01/2015 - 9:00am
When we move our head, the whole visual world moves across our eyes. Yet we can still make out a bee buzzing by or a hawk flying overhead, thanks to unique cells in the eye called object motion...
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Blind Veterans UK calls for GPs to signpost blind and vision impaired ex-Service men and women to its free services

medicalnewstoday eye health - Tue, 09/01/2015 - 7:00am
A national military charity is calling for help from GPs and surgery staff to ensure that blind and vision impaired ex-Service men and women are fully informed of the support available to them in...
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Nearsightedness develops when kids with specific gene read a lot

medicalnewstoday eye health - Tue, 09/01/2015 - 5:00am
Kids who carry a certain gene variant are likely to become nearsighted if they read for more than 1 hour a day, scientists suggest.
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Trabeculectomy With Mitomycin-C Versus Trabeculectomy With Amniotic Membrane Transplant: A Medium-term Randomized, Controlled Trial

Journal of Glaucoma - Mon, 08/31/2015 - 11:00pm
This study was a patient-masked, randomized, controlled comparison trial involving 52 eyes of 52 patients with bilateral primary open-angle glaucoma. Patients were randomized to receive trabeculectomy with AMT or trabeculectomy with MMC. The main outcome for comparison was the IOP-lowering effect of both procedures. Surgical success was considered if the patient’s IOP was 20% without the use of any medication. Results: All surgeries passed uneventfully without intraoperative complications, and all patients showed significantly (P0.05) difference between both study groups. All patients, irrespective of the operative procedure maintained significantly (P (Source: Journal of Glaucoma)
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Four Measures of Intraocular Pressure Fluctuation: Which Correlates Most Optimally With Actual Office-hour Readings?

Journal of Glaucoma - Mon, 08/31/2015 - 11:00pm
Conclusions: With the combination of sitting and supine position readings during office hours, the study provides promising results in estimating the mean and peak IOP in glaucoma patients and healthy subjects; however, it showed little advantage in range and SD of IOP fluctuation. (Source: Journal of Glaucoma)
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Comparison of Surgical Outcomes Between Phacocanaloplasty and Phacotrabeculectomy at 12 Months’ Follow-up: A Longitudinal Cohort Study

Journal of Glaucoma - Mon, 08/31/2015 - 11:00pm
Purpose: To compare operative outcomes of patients after phacocanaloplasty and phacotrabeculectomy through 12 months’ follow-up. Design: Retrospective, nonrandomized, comparative case series. Materials and Methods: We included 36 eyes of 36 patients with open-angle glaucoma who underwent combined phacoemulsification and canaloplasty (phacocanaloplasty) and 41 eyes of 41 patients with open-angle glaucoma who underwent combined phacoemulsification and trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (phacotrabeculectomy) with 12 months’ of postoperative follow-up. All surgeries were performed by a single surgeon (R.S.A.) between January 2007 and May 2011. Main Outcome Measures: Failure was based on intraocular pressure (IOP; >18 or (Source: Journal of Glaucoma)
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Aniridic Glaucoma: Long-term Visual Outcomes and Phenotypic Associations

Journal of Glaucoma - Mon, 08/31/2015 - 11:00pm
Conclusions: Long-term visual outcomes after therapy among aniridic glaucoma patients remain poor. Higher baseline IOP, the presence of familial aniridia, and a history of greater number of surgical interventions are associated with poorer long-term visual outcomes. (Source: Journal of Glaucoma)
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Outcome Measures in Glaucoma: A Systematic Review of Cochrane Reviews and Protocols

Journal of Glaucoma - Mon, 08/31/2015 - 11:00pm
Conclusions: There is a large variability in outcomes selected in glaucoma Cochrane Reviews and Protocols. This heterogeneity in outcome selection impairs the ability for evidence synthesis. There is an urgent need for standardization of outcomes used in glaucoma trials. (Source: Journal of Glaucoma)
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Clinical Evaluation of the New Rebound Tonometers Icare PRO and Icare ONE Compared With the Goldmann Tonometer

Journal of Glaucoma - Mon, 08/31/2015 - 11:00pm
Conclusions: Icare ONE may be useful for patients monitoring their IOP values; most individuals can use the device after a short training session. Icare PRO had better results compared with Icare ONE in all IOP ranges. (Source: Journal of Glaucoma)
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Facial Scanning With a Digital Camera: A Novel Way of Screening for Primary Angle Closure

Journal of Glaucoma - Mon, 08/31/2015 - 11:00pm
Conclusions: PAC patients have distinct facial features that may be differentiated from those of normal individuals mathematically using 3D photography. There is potential for this 3D facial scanning technology in screening for PAC in the general population. (Source: Journal of Glaucoma)
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Intradevice and Interdevice Agreement Between a Rebound Tonometer, Icare PRO, and the Tonopen XL and Kowa Hand-held Applanation Tonometer When Used in the Sitting and Supine Position

Journal of Glaucoma - Mon, 08/31/2015 - 11:00pm
Conclusions: The repeatability of Icare PRO was slightly lower in the supine position than in the sitting position. Although Icare PRO underestimated IOP values in eyes with higher IOP when compared with Tonopen XL and Kowa HAT in both positions, we observed good interdevice agreement between Icare PRO and both Tonopen XL and Kowa HAT. (Source: Journal of Glaucoma)
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Utility Analysis of Vision-related Quality of Life in Patients With Glaucoma and Different Perceptions from Ophthalmologists

Journal of Glaucoma - Mon, 08/31/2015 - 11:00pm
Purpose: To evaluate patient-perceived quality of life with glaucoma and to assess whether ophthalmologists fully appreciate patients’ perceptions through utility analysis. Patients and Methods: Utility values were obtained from 87 glaucoma patients by linear rating scale (RS), standard gamble for blindness (SG), and time trade-off (TTO) methods. Identical questionnaires were delivered to ophthalmologists (n=26) at the same center, who were asked to assume they had mild (MD in better-seeing eye ≥−6 dB) or moderate to severe (MD in better-seeing eye (Source: Journal of Glaucoma)
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Application of the ISNT Rule to Neuroretinal Rim Thickness Determined Using Cirrus HD Optical Coherence Tomography

Journal of Glaucoma - Mon, 08/31/2015 - 11:00pm
Conclusions: The ISNT rule with rim thickness measured using Cirrus HD-OCT has limited clinical value in the diagnosis of glaucoma. There is a topographic difference in inferior rim loss according to the stages of glaucomatous damage. (Source: Journal of Glaucoma)
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Evaluation of Risk Factors for Glaucoma Drainage Device–related Erosions: A Retrospective Case-Control Study

Journal of Glaucoma - Mon, 08/31/2015 - 11:00pm
Purpose: To identify risk factors for glaucoma drainage device (GDD) erosions. Patients and Methods: In a retrospective comparative case series, medical records of 1013 patients who underwent GDD surgery performed by 5 surgeons between 2006 and 2011 were reviewed. The outcome measures assessed included age, race, sex, contact lens wear, seasonal allergies, medical comorbidities, glaucoma diagnosis, preoperative oral and topical medications, type and number of preoperative surgeries and lasers, concomitant surgeries, tube type and position, patch graft material, and intraoperative use of Avastin, mitomycin-C, or Triescence. The association of variables with erosion status was evaluated using the Fisher exact test for categorical variables and the exact Wilcoxon rank-sum test for continuous ...
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Risk Factors for a Severe Bleb Leak Following Trabeculectomy: A Retrospective Case-Control Study

Journal of Glaucoma - Mon, 08/31/2015 - 11:00pm
Conclusions: Younger age at the time of trabeculectomy may be a risk factor for severe bleb leak. A trend was observed in which the patients under the age of 55 years were at greater risk for a severe bleb leak. (Source: Journal of Glaucoma)
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A Survey on the Preference of Sustained Glaucoma Drug Delivery Systems by Singaporean Chinese Patients: A Comparison Between Subconjunctival, Intracameral, and Punctal Plug Routes

Journal of Glaucoma - Mon, 08/31/2015 - 11:00pm
Conclusions: Sustained drug delivery for the medical treatment of glaucoma is an acceptable alternative to daily eye drop administration by most Singaporean Chinese individuals in this study. Male patients, nonsubsidized patients, and those with bilateral glaucoma were independently associated with preference of these 3 alternative routes of administration to traditional glaucoma drops. (Source: Journal of Glaucoma)
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Dry eyes -- researchers report progress in diagnosis and treatment

medicalnewstoday eye health - Fri, 08/28/2015 - 6:00am
Do you have problems with dry eyes? If so, you're not alone--it's one of the most common reasons for patient visits to eye care professionals.
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In diabetic eye disease, peripheral lesions in the retina point to risks of progression

medicalnewstoday eye health - Fri, 08/28/2015 - 6:00am
Research with ultra-wide-field imaging may change how the condition is assessed and treatedFor decades, clinicians have detected and monitored diabetic eye disease with standard retinal...
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